Fibre Optic lines are strands of pure glass as thin as a human hair that carry digital information over long distances. They are arranged in bundles called optical cables and used to transmit light signals over long distances.
Fibre Optic come in two types: Single-mode fibres and Multi-mode fibres. Single-mode fibres have small cores and transmit infrared laser light. Multi-mode fibres have larger cores and transmit infrared light from light-emitting diodes (LEDs). Some Fibre Optic can be made from plastic. These fibres have a large core and transmit visible red light from LEDs.
Compared to conventional metal wire (copper wire), Fibre Optic are:
- Less expensive – Several miles of optical cable can be made cheaper than equivalent lengths of copper wire.
- Thinner – Fibre Optic can be drawn to smaller diameters than copper wire.
- Less signal degradation – The loss of signal in Fibre Optic is less than in copper wire.
- Low power – Because signals in Fibre Optic degrade less, lower-power transmitters can be used instead of the high-voltage electrical transmitters needed for copper wires.
- Digital signals – Fibre Optic are ideally suited for carrying digital information, which is especially useful in computer networks.
- Non-flammable – Because no electricity is passed through Fibre Optic, there is no fire hazard.
- Lightweight – A Fibre Optic weighs less than a comparable copper wire cable.
- Flexible – Because Fibre Optic are so flexible and can transmit and receive light, they are used in many flexible digital cameras including uses such as medical imaging, cars, space shuttles and in plumbing to inspect sewer lines.
Contact us today for your Fibre Optic connectivity needs.